The plant is favored for its ability to grow in a range of light conditions and its large, attractive leaves that may be deep green, variegated white, cream or gold with blotches, stripes or spots. But don’t prune them during the winter, wait until early spring, otherwise it can trigger weak new growth. But, usually you’ll find the best selection of houseplants during the fall and winter months. Brown spots and yellowing leaves can come from a number of causes related to the care you give your dumb cane. Just put it in a spray bottle and mist the leaves of the plant – they will love the added humidity too! Dumb canes can live for many years, and some varieties can grow to be several feet tall, creating a very large floor plants. Dumb canes can be propagated by either rooting stem cuttings or by division. The most common problem with growing dumbcane dieffenbachia is too much moisture. Thus one of the first answers on how to care for dieffenbachia is to provide the right soil in the very beginning of the process. Brown spots and yellowing leaves can come from a number of causes related to the care you give your dumb cane. i water once a week at a bright south window, no fertilize. According to the ASPCA website, dieffenbachia is toxic to cats and dogs. If the plant develops brown spots and the leaves start to yellow, take steps to address the underlying problem and save your dumb cane plant. A general houseplant fertilizer from spring through early fall keeps the plant growing well. The plants can tolerate the low light, but grow slowly. plants should be pruned when they have shed enough of the leaves to expose the stems So you can use whichever name you prefer (and I will be using these two names interchangeably throughout this post). These are tiny insects that suck sap from the leaves. Always, always use a container with holes in the bottom for drainage. When this happens, simply remove the drooping leaves by pinching or cutting them off. It can grow as tall as 10 feet. Instead, they turn brown and remain curled in. The sap causes the mouth and throat to swell, striking anyone unlucky enough to get some in their mouth "dumb." Let’s know more about How to care for dieffenbachia … If you struggle with knowing when to water your plants, then I recommend getting a soil moisture gauge. The disease is promoted by over-fertilization. Why Has My Split-Leaf Philodendron Stopping Growing? Dieffenbachia, commonly known as dumb cane, is a gorgeous genus of tropical plants from the Araceae family. It can be planted in any good quality, well-drained potting media and should be repotted as needed to allow for best growth. I like using compost fertilizer, which you can get in liquid form or buy compost tea bags and brew your own. D. seguine is the most popular Dieffenbachia species, a native of Brazil with clusters of large ovate leaves with green margins splotched with yellow or cream color. All content found on this website is copyrighted materials and any form of reproduction is strictly prohibited. Though dumb cane flowers are pretty (and fun to see! Severely infested plants are a lost cause and should be bagged up and disposed of. Dumb cane (Dieffenbachia spp.) Dieffenbachia is toxic if ingested. The name “dumb cane” comes from the fact that the plant’s leaves contain raphides, which can poison you and leave you unable to speak for a period of time. It’s s a natural insecticide that is very effective at controlling houseplant bugs. Dieffenbachia (aka Dumb Cane) is a very common tropical indoor plant that is prized for it’s beautiful foliage and easy care requirements. Dieffenbachia's preference for relatively high humidity makes it a great option for Florida. My favorite product to use is organic neem oil. How often should I water my dieffenbachia plant? We are a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees through links to Amazon.com. Dieffenbachia (Dumb Cane) leaves most commonly turn yellow due to overwatering, but other causes include lighting problems, temperature extremes, low humidity, pests or nutrient deficiency. It’s very common for dumb canes to get tall and leggy with age, this is their normal growth habit. See the “Dieffenbachia Watering Instructions” section above for details about watering dumb canes. Since they are very common indoor plants, you should be able to find dieffenbachia plants for sale at your local garden center any time of the year. Plus, you can take the cutting and root it to make a new plant! ), they’re small and insignificant, so it’s not a huge asset to the plant. Occasionally you may find water like droplets have formed and collected on the leaf tips. To encourage even growth, tur… Just be sure that each stem has roots before potting them up, otherwise they may not survive on their own. Why are the tips of my dieffenbachia plant turning brown? © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Aside from good light, your dumb cane needs to be placed where the temperature is 60 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit in an area free from drafts. But, like any houseplant, a dumb cane will definitely benefit from a being fed. Mine are always tall and straggly. It’s normal for the bottom leaves to turn yellow, and eventually die and drop off. Brown or yellow leaves can be removed from the plant at any time, as can dead or faded flower. Dumb cane houseplants aren’t super fussy about the type of soil they’re grown in. That’s why they’re grown more for the beautiful foliage than for the flowers. I’ll also show you exactly how to care for a dumb cane plant. While fairly adaptable and easy to care for, dieffenbachia leaves turning yellow is a pretty common complaint. So it can be a difficult balance to give them the perfect amount of light in order to get them to bloom. They thrive in bright filtered light in spring, summer and fall and bright light in winter. This plant can grow quite large in the right setting (6 to 10 feet tall in its native Brazil, for example), but offers smaller sizes, too. The dieffenbachia is beloved for its large, tropical leaves and easy adaptation to indoor environments. On the other hand, if the room is too dark, they’ll quickly grow tall and leggy. How to Care for Dying Indoor Parade Roses. Or if it’s in a 10″ pot, put it into a 12″ or 14″ pot. When plants experience a sudden chill and too much humidity a fungal disease known as anthracnose can develop. The dumb cane got the name because there is a chemical in the sap that can cause temporary loss of speech if any part of the plant is chewed or eaten. So keep that in mind as you troubleshoot your plants symptoms…. A soapy water spray is also very good for controlling most types of bugs. All kidding aside, overwatering really is the main thing you need to worry about when growing this plant. But don’t worry, you’ll get the hang of it in no time! This comprehensive guide will show you exactly how to grow dieffenbachia. The entire leaf can collapse when the spots enlarge enough to hit a vein. Place the stems into a vase of fresh room-temperature water. Both! My green thumb comes from my parents, and I've been gardening most of my life. Repotting puts a lot of stress on plants, and the transplant shock may end up killing weak or unhealthy plants. Today we will learn about How to grow Dieffenbachia plant and how to Care and Propagate the dieffenbachia Indoor plants. Stop adding fertilizer to the plant for a while. If you want to learn how to root a dieffenbachia plant, see the details in the section called “Dieffenbachia Propagation Methods”. If left unpruned, the plant will resemble a palm tree. DIEFFENBACHIA PLANT CARE BASICS. I've received hundreds of pictures and questions through my "help @ houseplantjournal.com" email. Overwatering is a common problem with many houseplants and the dieffenbachia houseplant is no exception. Excess plant food causes brown leaf … Ok, ok, I just made that up to sound cool, I don’t know if there are any actual stats about the top causes of dumb cane death. Brown or yellow leaves can be removed from the plant at any time, as can dead or faded flower. The new leaves never open or mature. Oct 20, 2017 - Growing Dieffenbachia (Dumb Cane) is easy when you know how. And the word “dumb” is an old slang term that was used to describe someone who can’t talk (it’s mean, I know!). is a houseplant named for the toxic sap its canelike stems exude when cut or broken. Beautiful large dieffenbachia floor plants. To be sure, simply slide the plant out of the pot and take a look at the roots. Never use water that has passed through a water softener; it is too salty. Otherwise, check out my list of pet friendly houseplants instead. Follow the directions below for fertilizing dumb cane plants. In order to bloom, dieffenbachia houseplants need a lot of bright, indirect light. The stem will grow new leaves right below the cut. how to get rid of houseplant bugs naturally here, How To Grow Spider Plants: The Ultimate Care Guide, How To Take Care Of A Money Tree Plant (Pachira aquatica), How To Care For A Pothos Plant (Devil’s Ivy), 17 Of The Best Office Plants For Your Workspace, 15 Easy Indoor Plants That Anyone Can Grow, How To Fertilize Houseplants: The Ultimate Guide, Terms Of Use, Disclaimer & Privacy Policy. Other organic fertilizers that I like using are this houseplant fertilizer or a general purpose plant food. I highly recommend using an organic plant fertilizer rather than chemical ones. You only need to worry when you experience excess yellowing or drooping of the upper leaves. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. I like to grow a variety of them, but I especially appreciate the ones that are simple to maintain. Can be grown easily from cuttings. Feeding also encourages flowers. Allow tap water to stand until room temperature. Problems with dieffenbachia plant can be easily overcome in most situations. You don’t need to worry about repotting your dumb cane very often, they really don’t need to be repotted until they become pot-bound. I love being surrounded by plants all year round, and that’s one reason why I have a large collection of houseplants. Proper watering is a crucial part of dieffenbachia care, and consistent overwatering will definitely kill your plant. Is the dieffenbachia dumb cane plant poisonous? Over-feeding with synthetic fertilizers is a very common problem with dieffenbachia plants, and can lead to brown leaf edges and tips, among other issues. In fact, repotting a plant just for the sake of aesthetics, or simply because you feel it should be part of your regular dieffenbachia care routine are the wrong reasons. People often grow dumb canes in offices and other low-light interior spaces. Tolerate full shade, but never soggy, and they are all gorgeous to drinking water and nutrients, tips., otherwise they may not survive on their own in journalism from Michigan state University, is a disease... Full shade, but never let it get completely bone dry, refer to the care you give dumb! Place the stems into a dormant so called plant to do the plants at any of... Their mouth `` dumb. new leaves right below the cut that passed... Why are the tips of the window so they don ’ t give them enough light! 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