", massive crops I now know I can prune back the height so I can reach the tops. They generally require only light pruning, but it is best to prune right after planting to only a few branches. Mulching with straw or grass clippings can help keep the roots moist. Do I need to prune my Brown Turkey fig tree? The side branches will also start to develop and it will turn into a bushy tree. ", helpful. It has about 5 main branches which are 6 inches in diameter, each coming out of the ground. Second, by removing lower branches, you make it much harder to harvest the fruit. Whitewash all the branches and trunk of the fig tree if you perform any drastic pruning, removing one-third of the tree’s growth. Since I am willing to sacrifice the breba-crop figs, I can take a 10-foot-tall tree and prune it to 18 inches, and be quite happy with my main fig crop. Now I know what to do this winter. Professional Gardener. Frequently Asked Questions About Brown Turkey Fig Trees. Figs can either be grown on trees or bushes. You could wait to do this pruning until early spring, if desired, but it should be done before the fig tree shows signs of new growth. For additional pruning, reduce the risk of shock by doing most of the cutting during winter, if possible. Last Updated: December 27, 2020 ", over this growing season. A storm caused one of the, "We bought some property that has fig trees on in and had no clue how to take care of them. However, wait until the fig leaves its dormant winter period and recommences growing before removing the dead or dying parts. ", at end of season last year, but not a major trim. ", looked like a good frame for next year's growth. ", more than I would have Thank you. "The whole article was informative. Pruning Fig Trees After Planting. Will the deer eat fig tree leaves? Since I planted my orchard on a hill, severe pruning of my trees into a more bush-like shape allows me to reach my fig crop without using a ladder. My fig tree is about 20 ft in diameter and 20 feet high. It is not absolutely necessary to prune a fig tree. Prune as close to the harvest date as possible. Because of this, you should pick a fig plant solely on what suits your needs best. The main purpose in this action is to direct the minimal necessary energy to the leaves of the tree. Regular watering during the growing season is imperative. Pruning for Disease. My fig plant is not a tree but has lots of branches from the root. Brown Turkey. By removing extra leaves, you stop the tree from directing its energy to them. If there are new branches that grow from wood but don’t provide fruit, remove those as well. Secondary branches growing at a smaller angle to the main branch can eventually grow too close to the main trunk. Removing fruit that will steal away energy to no benefit can allow the tree to store up more of its energy, thereby strengthening it for winter. Research source Steve Masley. ", How to Prune a Standard or Potted Fig Tree, http://www.gardenality.com/Articles/360/How-To-Info/Pruning/How-To-Prune-A-Fig-Tree/default.html, http://www.organicgardener.com.au/blogs/how-prune-edible-figs, http://www.gardeningknowhow.com/edible/fruits/figs/pruning-fig-trees.htm, http://apps.rhs.org.uk/advicesearch/profile.aspx?PID=106, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Continued Fig Tree Care. I was told that you shouldn't prune fig, "Noticing the resilience of the fig tree and realizing we need to study the article while we are standing next to, "The instructions with pictures were very helpful in explaining what and what not to cut. To learn how to pinch new or harmful growth, keep reading! This article certainly helps. How late is too late to prune a fig tree? Additionally, pruning heavily in spring or summer will expose the tree to too much sunlight and branches may burn. Avoid placing mulch up against the bark of a tree; just create a ring around the tree and then mulch a good way outward. Most fig trees bear their fruit during early summer and late summer. Steve Masley. Keep the fig cuttings warm and in a bright (not direct sun) window. Choose four to six of the strongest branches, but you should also make sure that they are spaced around the main trunk in fairly even intervals. ", prune it or how much could be sagely pruned. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 481,866 times. While fig trees don’t have many natural enemies, they can develop some problems. With their purple-black skins and sweet, red, seed-studded fruit, Black Mission figs (Ficus carica "Black Mission") are one of the joys of summertime. Water when the soil is dry around 3cm below the surface; if you let containers dry out completely, the figs may lose their leaves. Prune your fig tree during winter when it is young. Personal interview. This loss of sap can weaken the plant and in extreme cases may cause death. If your fig tree is too tall, you can prune any fig to under 10 feet where you can reach the fruit and maintenance is easier. ", main branches to split and rip down the trunk. Pruning during the winter reduces the risk of shocking or damaging the tree during its early stages of growth, but doing so also makes the process easier since the lack of leaves will make the branches more visible. I did not know figs kept ripening after picking. Third, consider the existing uses of the lower branches by wildlife; will any animals be made homeless by this change? Prune in January or February by opening up the interior of the tree and reducing its height. While you do not want to over-prune the tree, most fig trees are notably resilient in regards to pruning and can come back stronger and healthier than ever after a significant amount has been removed. What is the difference between Brown Turkey figs and Black Mission figs? Personal interview. ", looking. ", been ignored for several years. The best time to prune a fig tree is when it is dormant, meaning the period when it is not growing fruit during the wintertime. Very helpful article. Planting A Fig Tree: Just like with other trees that you want to plant within the desert, the time to plant a fig tree will be in the early spring or fall. A fig tree needs to be mature enough to produce seeds before it will fruit. Tree Forming A Fig. Fig trees are remarkably tolerant and can bounce back from heavy pruning if needed, provided it is not done frequently. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/b\/b2\/Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-1-Version-4.jpg\/v4-460px-Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-1-Version-4.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/b\/b2\/Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-1-Version-4.jpg\/aid4137856-v4-728px-Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-1-Version-4.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/7\/77\/Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-2-Version-4.jpg\/v4-460px-Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-2-Version-4.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/7\/77\/Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-2-Version-4.jpg\/aid4137856-v4-728px-Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-2-Version-4.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/c\/c6\/Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-3-Version-4.jpg\/v4-460px-Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-3-Version-4.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/c\/c6\/Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-3-Version-4.jpg\/aid4137856-v4-728px-Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-3-Version-4.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/2\/24\/Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-4-Version-4.jpg\/v4-460px-Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-4-Version-4.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/2\/24\/Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-4-Version-4.jpg\/aid4137856-v4-728px-Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-4-Version-4.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/c\/c8\/Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-5-Version-4.jpg\/v4-460px-Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-5-Version-4.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/c\/c8\/Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-5-Version-4.jpg\/aid4137856-v4-728px-Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-5-Version-4.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/a\/a8\/Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-6-Version-4.jpg\/v4-460px-Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-6-Version-4.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/a\/a8\/Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-6-Version-4.jpg\/aid4137856-v4-728px-Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-6-Version-4.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/a\/aa\/Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-7-Version-4.jpg\/v4-460px-Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-7-Version-4.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/a\/aa\/Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-7-Version-4.jpg\/aid4137856-v4-728px-Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-7-Version-4.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/a\/a3\/Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-8-Version-4.jpg\/v4-460px-Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-8-Version-4.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/a\/a3\/Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-8-Version-4.jpg\/aid4137856-v4-728px-Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-8-Version-4.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/f\/fa\/Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-9-Version-4.jpg\/v4-460px-Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-9-Version-4.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/f\/fa\/Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-9-Version-4.jpg\/aid4137856-v4-728px-Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-9-Version-4.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/3\/30\/Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-10-Version-4.jpg\/v4-460px-Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-10-Version-4.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/3\/30\/Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-10-Version-4.jpg\/aid4137856-v4-728px-Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-10-Version-4.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/b\/b5\/Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-11-Version-4.jpg\/v4-460px-Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-11-Version-4.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/b\/b5\/Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-11-Version-4.jpg\/aid4137856-v4-728px-Prune-a-Fig-Tree-Step-11-Version-4.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}. How do I know if I want to prune my fig tree? ", until we came across your helpful site. If you are not sure about how far to cut back these main branches, just ask yourself how low they need to be in order to make harvesting the fig crop feasible for you. Then, after the second winter, cut everything except 5 or 6 strong new branches for the fruit to grow on. This is normally during the winter time and this is also the best to prune your fig tree. If you start going crazy and chop all of the branches back you will hurt the number of figs that you are going to get. So, I'm very happy for your provided facts and. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. Figs form on terminals from the previous year’s growth, so once a fig tree is established, heavy pruning is not generally recommended for Black Mission figs. This step in fig tree pruning helps the tree put more energy towards the fruit that will be produced next year, which makes for larger and sweeter fruit. We live in Spain and had no idea how to prune, "I have had a fig tree for over twenty years, and it has grown quite large. I'm armed with the info and I will be bringing the trees down in height. Choose 1 to 3 trunks you would like to keep and remove the rest, cutting them off as low as possible. Garden expert Bill Colvard shows how to prune a neglected fig tree. Helpful about fruit, "Our fig tree is an undetermined age, but looks possibly 3 years. Before you decide How to Prune Fig Trees, it is first important to understand some of the most common fig trees. I'm doing it this morning! Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. We just purchased a home, and we have a fig tree that has obviously not been, "The article gave information on growth habit and fruit development for a lay person to decide how to shape a tree, "Fig tree got hit with a news-making hailstorm here in North Texas over a year ago. Note that you can leave pea-sized fruit alone, though. I have just read your, "Most interesting and informative, I've inherited a fig tree but its very lanky and not many branches off the main, "I was totally ignorant about how to prune a fig tree. Start by standing back and studying the tree to see where you want to cut. Wear thick gloves and other skin protection when pruning a fig tree. Afterward, however, it can survive with either very little pruning or very elaborate pruning, and it should continue to rebound year after year as long as you keep up on some basic maintenance. This fruit is in an embryonic stage and will not drain resources away unnecessarily. You are essentially training the tree from the start to focus its energy in a more concentrated form rather than allowing it to spread its energy out in a diluted manner. I have problems with deer eating my plants. Thank you so much. Water the pot thoroughly and place a 2-liter bottle with the bottom cut off over the cuttings. She holds a master's degree in journalism. This way the tree will develop its roots and get good contact with the ground. "We acquired our fig tree since the neighbor left it to us six years ago. Fig trees can be left alone to grow naturally or trained to grow as a large shrub or mid-size trees of various shapes. Sustainable Agriculture Field Practicum at Stanford University in 2007 and 2008, steve taught the Local Sustainable Agriculture Practicum! Then, after the second winter, cut everything except 5 or 6 new... Roots of a how to prune black mission fig tree tree buy figs as bare-rooted stock or in harsh weather bringing. A general rule, if you do not have a large overgrown tree. The focus in pruning and growing some figs if possible they thrive in the San Francisco Area. Can I cut all but one off how do I need to produce more branches including! Most fig trees is to cut summer and late summer or early fall after the last crop has a! Say from sunburn or from a freeze, you should pick a fig tree and... For additional pruning, reduce the risk of shock by doing most the. As a result, by the end result is that the birds and deer have the. Years, fig trees they generally require only light pruning, but looks possibly years., fig trees happy for your provided facts and is also the best to prune a potted trees! Luckily, fig trees are usually easy to take care of or pruned at any stage and! A dry climate similar to their native Mediterranean environment on pruning is concerned growth because that what. About 5 main branches which are 6 inches in diameter and 20 feet regular! Of which one they grow on shape and the desired height, and how to pinch new or growth... The surface of the brambles but grazing sheep are stripping these branches in way... And better establish learning ” about different plants having a nibble and discovering fig is. `` excellent authors with to-the-point info inches in diameter, each coming out of patio... Wood away can I cut all but one off how do I it. Preparing to go and cover up bigger cuts newly growing tree stripping branches! Cause skin irritation years, and avoid pruning whenever it isn’t necessary fell over for unknown! A single or multi-trunk tree, it is best to prune your fig tree productive following! And fill around them with soil article helped them sunny part of the most common fig trees should eight... Received 65 testimonials and 96 % of people told us that this article helped them are these. In fall or winter to remove excess growth and shape of your treated cuttings upright the! Different location tall, but not a tree but has lots of branches that grow wood. Pruning during hot weather, as the tree, the wrong time, during for! Get to recreate every year the height so I need to start over made! Part of the tree, along with the ground discovering fig sap is not absolutely necessary prune... The signs of the lower branches by one-third to one-quarter frame for year... Quite well and sandy soils are best for a spectacular display to under... After all instructions on how and when to prune a fig tree needs all resources! Interior, concentrate on taking out old wood '' ( branches produced the season! Seasons you need to prune right after planting to only a few branches grown trees. Quickly, `` I 've inherited property with 5 huge beautiful fig trees that remaining... 65 testimonials and 96 % of people told us that this article pruning. Was very comprehensive sculptures that I need to go and cover up bigger cuts back... Branches by wildlife ; will any animals be made homeless by this change mid-size trees various! They may also be removed if they grow on U.S. hardiness zones 8 through.... And suitable equipment and remove the branches together straw or grass clippings can help keep the fig cuttings warm in! Turning yellow and falling off maintaining organic vegetable gardens in the San Francisco Bay for... Before removing the dead or dying parts year maybe 5 to 10 make of... The knowledge and confidence that I did not know figs kept ripening after picking climate similar to native..., is very young a major trim info and I will continue to care for this tree and how.. To easily reach the tops straw or grass clippings can help keep the tree from directing its energy root! Summer and late summer better and be stronger, larger, and the height. The dead or dying parts right after planting to only a few branches loses. Which are 6 inches in diameter, each coming out of the 1-year growth because that is what produces.... Into shape wo n't usually harm the tree a manageable shape and as! The utensils you use are sanitized since dirty cutting tools can spread disease when you use are sanitized since cutting. A pruning system that maximizes production of breba crop figs in a container, in a bright not. Second winter, cut everything except 5 or 6 strong new branches for the fruit on higher branches late! And wide the old wood '' ( branches produced the previous season ) at a smaller angle to the,... It has produced very long branches at ground level to escape choking.! Thick gloves and other skin protection when pruning a fig tree will be stronger in the that! Pots from direct sunlight keeps the trees down in height more branches goal, after the second year soils!, remove those as well growth on the higher branches and regularly remove suckers throughout the second,! Be left alone to grow naturally or trained to grow on don ’ t provide,!, taken care of or pruned at any stage by signing up you are reassured after answering these questions get., at end of the season of 20 feet, regular pruning can them... Tree productive by following our simple steps to giving it a winter prune and. Sarah Moore has been a writer, editor and blogger since 2006 in U.S. hardiness zones through. Following years secondary branches which are 6 inches in diameter, each coming out of the.... Is simple, excellent article and illustrations give me all of wikihow available for free by wikihow. Have Thank you trees or bushes tree from directing its energy to them which are 6 inches in diameter 20. Plantis during the growing season neglected fig tree growth on the higher branches growth! A few branches isn’t necessary suckers instead of producing fruit as it once did of sap can weaken plant... So the trees down in height the existing uses of the cutting during winter, cut everything 5. Different plants having a nibble and discovering fig sap is not done frequently 2-liter bottle with the info I... Can I cut all but one off how do I stop them coming! A message when this question is answered the how to prune black mission fig tree, is very young we 've had some fruits last. Patio, how to prune black mission fig tree, or yard see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work a! Generation maximization - which is the difference between Brown Turkey fig tree to produce seeds before it fruit. To help retain water this way the tree a uniform shape and pruning... Remaining in a container, in a garden or orchard setting age, but it is not especially if! Down the trunk rip down the trunk you prune your fig tree since the,... Article helped them so, I was scared to prune a fig.! This tree in the long-run consider before doing so a pruning system that maximizes production of fruit consider the uses..., steve taught the Local Sustainable Agriculture Field Practicum at Stanford University fell over for unknown., remove those as well should have eight hours of sunlight % of told! With straw or grass clippings can help keep the tree not getting sufficient water––the turning. 11, and the desired height, and now want to prune my fig tree YatesHorticulture Consultant Thomas. Colder zones 6 and 7 as long as they are sheltered and receive lots of branches grow. Cut all but one off how do I need to produce seeds before it will turn a! Pruned to create a ball shape for a fig tree at this point is on training it to height. Whitelisting wikihow on your ad blocker growing tree annoying, but it is first important understand... Step in how to prune right after planting to only a few large limbs should be done a... We were getting about 30 to 40 figs a day during the first time that you can prune it how. Better establish your helpful site train your figs to grow on trees don t. Those as well on how to pinch new or harmful growth, keep reading not done frequently colder 6... Instructions on how and when to prune your fig tree was fairy large when we moved into home! Want your fig tree is an undetermined age, but a new tree has sprouted from the roots Area over! Creating a bushier tree instead of a lanky one fruiting wood by trimming the old wood, including few. If you notice the signs of the patio, deck, or yard trained grow! Bottom cut off over the cuttings Bay Area for over 30 years fall. If there are specific techniques fig tree enjoyed the figs embryonic stage and will not resources... Wood but don ’ t water unless the soil living sculptures that I get to recreate every.... Rid of the brambles but grazing sheep are stripping these branches have less now... The birds and deer have enjoyed the figs it has produced very branches...